A Guide to the Insects of the Coal Oil Point Reserve

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Funded in part by the UCSB Pearl Chase Fund

Last updated 08/15/2005
  Insects of Coal Oil Point > Guide > Hymenoptera - Ants, Bees, and Wasps

Hymenoptera - Ants, Bees, and Wasps

Hymenoptera is a tremendously diverse order of insects, as well as one of the best known. It includes all ants, bees, wasps, and sawflies. Hymenoptera may have four membranous wings, or in the case of worker ants, be wingless. The female members of this order (apart from sawflies), have a “stinger.” The stinger is actually a modified ovipositor (egg-laying organ). It is used both for defense and often to inject venom, to paralyze or kill prey.

Adults of this order mostly feed on nectar or honeydew, while their larvae may feed on plant tissue, nectar, or other insects. The majority of Hymenoptera specimens in the collection are parasitic wasps. Most of these are actually considered “parisitoids,” because while their larvae will feed on a live host as a parasite does, it will actually kill the host as the wasp reaches maturity as a part of its lifecycle.

The Coal Oil Point collection contains over 170 morphospecies of Hymenoptera, most of which are small parasitic wasps. The wasps account for a large portion of the collection’s overall diversity.

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Tenthredinidae | Megaspilidae | Ceraphronidae | Braconidae | Ichneumonidae | Mymaridae | Pteromalidae | Chalcididae | Eucoilidae | Cynipidae | Charipidae | Proctotrupidae | Diapridae | Scelionidae | Platygasteridae | Bethylidae | Dryinidae | Sphecidae | Nyssonidae | Pemphredonidae | Halictidae | Megachilidae | Anthiphoridae | Apidae | Pompilididae | Vespidae | Formicidae 

* Additional information and pictures are available for the families in bold.
Ant, Bee, and Wasp Photos
(click to enlarge)

Tenthredinidae - Common Sawflies

Megaspilidae -

Ceraphronidae - Common Sawflies

Braconidae -
(Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea)










Ichneumonidae -
(Superfamily: Ichneumonoidea)





Mymaridae - Fairyflies
(Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Pteromalidae -
(Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Cleonymus sp.

Cleonymus sp.??

Polstonia sp.??

Pachyneuron sp.??

Chalcididae -
(Superfamily: Chalcidoidea)

Eucoilidae -

Cynipidae - Gall Wasps

Charipidae -

Proctotrupidae -
(Superfamily: Proctotrupoidea)

Diapridae -
(Superfamily: Proctotrupoidea)

Platygasteridae -
(Superfamily: Proctotrupoidea)

Bethylidae -

Dryinidae -

Sphecidae -

Nyssonidae - Sand wasps

Bembix sp.

Pemphredonidae -

Halictidae - Sweat Bees
(Superfamily: Apoidea)

Megachilidae - Leafcutting Bees
(Superfamily: Apoidea)

Anthiphoridae - Carpenter bees
(Superfamily: Apoidea)

Apidae - Honey Bees and Bumble Bees
(Superfamily: Apoidea)

Bombus sp.

European honeybee
Apis mellifera

Pompilididae - Spider wasps

Tachypompilus sp.

Vespidae - Potter wasps


Formicidae - Ants

Small black ant
Monomorium minimum

Argentine ant
Linepithema humile

Additional pictures and information about Formicidae

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