SBMNH Home  Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History
 SBMNH Home  Exhibits  Education  Sea Center  Collections  research  Library  Visitors  Members  Museum Store  Contacts

Santa Barbara Field Guides - Butterflies
Lepidoptera
   Papilionidae

     Battus philenor
     Pipevine Swallowtail


male upperside
male underside
female upperside
female underside

Size: Wingspread 3-4 in.
Recognition: Medium/large; dark colored; upper surface of HW is iridescent bluish green with less extensive coloring on females; white spots around bottom of HW in males and also on FW edges of female; underside is dark with distinctive green iridescence and orange spots around HW.
Flight period: Adults fly in spring and summer.
Hostplants: Larvae of Pipevine Swallowtails feed on Pipevine (Aristolochia species), which does not grow natively south of Monterey County.
Habitat: Found in a variety of open habitats such as open woodland, woodland edges, hillsides, desert areas, parks, roadsides, and riparian areas.
Distribution: A rare stray to our area (its host plant does not occur here naturally). Breeding populations occur in the more humid parts of the southern US, with a disjunct population in northern California.

                    Family list     Papilionidae                     next species

Home | Exhibits | Education | Sea Center | Collections | Research | Library | Visitors | Members | Store | Contacts